Complete Guide to Porcelain Identification, Uses & Care Tips


  1. Elegance and strength of porcelain
  2. Ranges of porcelain
  3. Uses of porcelain dinnerware
  4. Porcelain and ceramic: The main difference
  5. Conclusion

Porcelain dinnerware has a fascinating history that can be dated back to early China. It was first developed in the era of Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD). It originated in China and is often referred to as 'China'. It is a type of ceramic made from a particular type of clay known as Kaolin. The Kaolin is further joined with other materials such as feldspar and quartz. This unique composition provides porcelain with some amazing properties. These properties further make porcelain stylish and elegant.

The secret behind the formation of porcelain was unveiled in the 18th century. After that, the European manufacturers started producing their own versions replicating the famous Chinese procedures. Many industrial units were made in Germany, Meissen, and France.

A large number of reasons made porcelain popular and highly in demand. It has a very smooth and refined surface. The smooth surface of porcelain dinnerware adds a touch of elegance and grace to the dining table. This material also has the ability to create elaborate and decent designs that further improve the visual charm of the dinnerware set.

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Elegance and strength of porcelain

There are many factors contributing to the increased popularity of porcelain but the most important factor is its unmatched durability. The material is fired at a high temperature which results in the formation of a hard material that is highly non-porous. Moreover, this material is quite strong and resistant to chipping and scratching.

The durable nature of porcelain makes it a feasible option to serve everyday meals and special feasts. It has the capacity to preserve its quality and beauty over time. The charm of porcelain extends beyond its functionality. This material is quite adaptable and allows for a wide range of designs and patterns. These designs and patterns range from traditional to modern schemes. It is quite easy to include different hand-painted motifs and elegant minimal lines on porcelain dinnerware sets.

Porcelain has effortlessly managed to be a famous choice for dinnerware as it has eternal beauty and timeless charm. You can use it to serve regular meals as well as formal dinners. Porcelain has successfully bridged the gap between traditional and contemporary patterns.

Ranges of porcelain

1. Hard-paste porcelain

Hard-paste porcelain has a high proportion of kaolin. Kaolin is a clay famous for its purity. Along with kaolin, the hard-paste porcelain also contains feldspar and quartz. The proportion of these materials may vary but the firing process is typically the same. In fact, the process of firing at such a high-temperature results in the creation of non-porous material.


Hard-paste porcelain has remarkable translucency. It allows a certain degree of light to pass through it. As it is fired at high-temperature levels, porcelain is a tough material that can survive chipping, scratching, and staining. It is appropriate for both everyday use and special occasions. The strength and toughness of the material provide a long-lasting quality.

Normally, hard-paste porcelain has a pure white color. It is the perfect canvas that helps to create different eye-catching designs and patterns. Hard-paste porcelain is often considered a statement of luxury and class.

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2. Soft-paste porcelain

Soft-paste porcelain is the replication of Chinese porcelain. The European manufacturers replicated it to produce the material like Chinese porcelain. The European manufacturers faced challenges to find the required raw material and as a result, they ended up establishing a formula known as soft-paste porcelain.

The materials used in the formation of soft-paste porcelain are different as compared to the ones used in hard-paste. It doesn’t include the high-quality kaolin found in Chinese porcelain. Instead of kaolin, the European manufacturers used a mixture of clay, glass, and bone ash. The temperature levels of firing are also lower than hard-paste porcelain (ranging between 1100-1200 degrees Celsius).


It is normally less luminous as compared to hard-paste porcelain. As soft-paste porcelain can be molded, it is not considered to be as durable as hard-paste porcelain. It offers a wide range of colors from off-white to cream.

While hard-paste and soft-paste porcelain have a mutual history, they differ in terms of materialization, features, and production.

Uses of porcelain dinnerware

Domestic uses

The flat porcelain texture makes it a suitable choice for everyday meals. The pure white look results in the formation of a sophisticated and classy table setting. Its high durability and resistance to chipping can survive the rigors of daily use, making it a useful and stylish option at the same time.

Porcelain has an everlasting beauty that sparkles even more during formal events. The subtle look of porcelain improves the overall dining experience. It creates an atmosphere of luxury and sophistication. The intricate patterns and adequate detailing are often combined in formal porcelain dinnerware sets, further refining its appeal in sophisticated events.

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The flexibility of porcelain spreads beyond functional dinnerware. The nature of the material allows artists to design intricate vases with extremely detailed features. The smooth surface of porcelain is perfect for hand-painted patterns. It can be used to make beautiful pieces, uplifting the house's interior décor.

Industrial uses

The ability of porcelain to survive high temperatures makes it valuable for industrial uses, especially in the formation of electrical insulators. Porcelain insulators insulate electrical conductors, preventing the unrequired light from passing through them.

In dentistry, porcelain has found uses in the creation of dental prostheses, including crowns and veneers. Porcelain has the ability to mimic the natural teeth. It is a suitable material for dental work, providing various functional benefits for patients.

Porcelain and ceramic: The main difference

While porcelain is a kind of ceramic, they vary in many aspects. Porcelain is a subtype of ceramic known for its adequate structure, achieved by the use of high-quality kaolin clay. Unlike traditional ceramics, porcelain is fired at higher temperature levels, normally between 1,200 and 1,400 degrees Celsius.

This higher firing temperature results in the formation of thicker material that is less porous and highly durable. The different characteristics of porcelain, including its smooth surface, and unmatched strength label it as the finest material in different uses.

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Porcelain material is celebrated for its subtle look and fine features. It has a very smooth and refined surface. It serves as the flawless canvas for intricate patterns and designs. There are typically two types of porcelain, i.e. hard paste and soft paste porcelain. Hard-paste porcelain is considered more durable than soft-paste as it contains a high amount of Kaolin, while soft-paste porcelain combines glass, clay, and bone ash.

Porcelain has many domestic and industrial uses and applications. It can not only be used to create sophisticated and elegant dinnerware sets; artists also use this fine material to make vases and other ornamental pieces. Porcelain material is also used in the formation of crowns and veneers as it has the ability to mimic natural teeth.

The endless and eternal beauty of porcelain and its diverse functional qualities ensure that it continues to be valued by manufacturers, individuals, gatherers, and enthusiasts for a long time to come. So, investing in a good-quality porcelain dinnerware set can be one of your best purchases. This material can preserve and maintain its quality, beauty, and grace over a long time.

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